Welcome Fly Boys & Gals!

Warden pilot Malcolm Maheu from Rockwood, ferrying Mrs. Larrabee from Camp Caribou, winter 1940. Her husband refused to fly & walked the 17 miles down to Rockwood.


MOOSEHEAD HISTORICAL        Society & Museum

     Cultural Anchor of Moosehead’s Heritage


The Moosehead Aviation Museum

The Logging & Lumberman’s Museum

Moosehead: A Sportsman’s Paradise

Moosehead’s People of the Dawn: Native American Families

B-52 Tragedy on Elephant Mountain

Kineo Hotels: 1844 – 1970

Tracing Thoreau’s Trail: East Cove to Katahdin

The Marsh Family Retrospective

Changing times: Technology through the Ages


The Center for Moosehead History        .           The Moosehead Aviation Museum

6 Lakeview Street, East Cove, Greenville  – Thurs. ~ Sat. 10 am~4 pm; Sundays 1~4 pm


The Eveleth-Crafts-Sheridan House           444 Pritham Avenue . Greenville Junction

GUIDED TOURS 1-4 pm Wed. – Fri.


207-695-2909     –        email: mooseheadhistory@myfairpoint.net


The Kineo Hotel: modern for its time

Version 2

The Kineo House, circa 1871-1882

One of the new displays this year is of the Kineo Hotel, in its various constructs spanning some 142 years. The display of photos and text is mounted in the Carriage House, which is opened Tuesdays through Fri- days from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Over the years we have been asked about what’s happened to the grand hotel(s), so we decided to tell her story. It is a story of grand style for rusticators, and grand dreams that created a legacy that is still remembered today.

The first incarnation was but a small tavern built by William Hildreth in 1844. Improvements were continually made to the structure, until it became a two-story house with a porch overlooking Moosehead Lake. By 1868 it was functioning as a hotel, run by Shirley landlord Orrin A. Dennen. Guests were entertained and lodged in tents and a spruce-bark lodge, which included a dining room and kitchen. However, within six weeks it burned, as it did in all four of its reconstructions through- out its history.

2009_18_0039 Kineo #4

The Kineo Hotel, number four — circa 1900

The 1883 Mt. Kineo House was well
constructed in grand style and included
 a sawmill, annex, store, and several
 outbuildings built near a spring. There
 were a reported 500 rooms, though 
according to guest registers, it never welcomed that many guests. Amenities included steam heat, gas and electric lights, hot and cold running water, elevators, electric bells, telephone, telegraph, and daily mail delivery. It also held a bowling alley, ornate ballroom, and dining room large enough to serve 400 guests. There were three steam yachts for daily outings. Visitors enjoyed horse riding or walking trails, fishing and hunting with expert local guides who were hired for the season. Grounds included golfing, tennis, baseball, and croquet.

In 1911 the Kineo Hotel saw a radical makeover. Maine Central Railroad had purchased the complex and hired Hiram Ricker Hotel Company to operate it. New construction included a wing five stories high, a fireproof kitchen, and 50 private baths. A steam operated elevator was replaced by two hydraulic lifts. Outside additions included a boathouse, a long pier and yachting crafts, and new dormitory for help. The Kineo Hotel had its own baseball team, a large number of guides were employed, and the 500-acre farm Deer Head Farm.

1998_0193 Kineo Hotel #5 tif

Known as “The New Mt. Kineo Hotel,” this was the fifth of the five grand hotels, circa 1911-1933. It included a breakwater cottage and long wharf. 

By the 1930s, the era of summer residency at the grand hotel had all but disappeared, partly due to the changing appetite of newly emerging modern travel and partly due to the ensuing wartime economy. The railroad to Rockwood landing had also ceased by the early 1930s. Local entrepreneur Louis Oakes purchased the property. One of the conditions of the sale was to raze the 425-room main hotel, which had fallen into disrepair. By 1938, much of the interior contents, including plumbing, had been removed.

Post World War II, an underwater cable brought electricity to Kineo and a new 36-room hotel was built. The golf course was also re-designed to create a nine-hole course. Still the hotel struggled. In the 1950s, C. Max Hilton and his wife, Edith, daughter of Louis Oakes, invested in the hotel and over the next 20 years sought to revive it as an American Plan resort. By the mid-1960s, the Kineo Hotel for all intents and purposes ceased to exist. Thereafter, it went through a series of sales and ownerships.

In 1966, it was sold to Rockwood-
Kineo Corporation and run as the
 Treadway Inn until 1969 by R.H. Rines
 and H.A. Atherton. In 1971 it was sold
 again and by 1980, the mortgage was
 defaulted upon and the hotel put up for
 auction. Another attempt to make it a 
going concern was tried in 1986 but the
 multi-million dollar plan never came to fruition. In 1996, the annex was demolished and in 2016 the last building, the old dormitory, was dismantled and burned.

The halcyon days of the Kineo Hotel lasted a long time, with its pinnacle years roughly between 1883 and 1930. It employed many local residents and was a symbol of Ameri- can entrepreneurial wealth and stability prior to World War II. Today, the beautiful turn-of-the-last century Kineo Cot- tage Row, built by the Ricker Co. between 1910 and 1912 is now included on the National Register of Historic Places and are privately owned. The nine-hole golf course is still enjoyed, and a revival of walking — or hiking — keeps the trails to the summit of Mt. Kineo ever popular. The 360 degree views from the top are testament to the spectacular landscape that attracted visitors to the Kineo Hotel during its heyday, as it does today. The southerly side of Mt. Kineo re- mains privately owned; the northerly side with hiking trails is public, owned by the people of Maine, managed by the Maine Bureau of Parks and Lands as a state park.




The Marsh Family: 175 Years in Greenville

By Bruce Marsh

Following is the story of the Marsh Family which will be published in Insight in a series of installments over the year. Dr. Marsh is professor emeritus at Johns Hopkins University. His family heritage is a 2018 feature of our tour in the Eveleth-Crafts-Sheridan Historical House this season.

Hannah (Roberts) Marsh must have been a remarkable woman, for almost immediately after she died on July 9, 1844 at her farm on the East Ridge Road in Cornville, near Skowhegan, her many children and grandchildren began dispersing to other parts of Maine. They established farms and homes in Palmyra, Cambridge, Shirley Mills, Sangerville, Athens, Bangor, Exeter and Greenville. She was nearly 90 years old and had been born in Brentwood, New Hampshire, on September 8, 1754, had 12 children, 10 of whom lived to old age, and had lived in Maine since 1801, having moved here from Gilmanton, N.H. This dispersal did not have anything to do with settling her estate, for that had been done 14 years earlier when her husband, Noah, died on October 25, 1830, and the farm had gone to their eldest grandson, Cotton Gilman Marsh (b. 1802), who in taking the farm had agreed to look after Hannah.

Noah, who was also born in Brentwood (July 1, 1755), had been a soldier in the American Revolution (2nd N.H. Regiment) and had been at Ticonderoga and in the big battles against Burgoyne in the autumn of 1777, where he was wounded at Bemis Heights, losing a finger and disabling his right hand, which must have been a hindrance in his profession as a blacksmith.

After the war, Noah and his brother Joseph moved in 1780 north from Brentwood to Gilmanton Iron Works, N.H. where they established a major blacksmith shop that continued on for over 100 years. Having long heard of the fine lands in and around Norridgewock, Maine, from his friends and neighbors who had been with Benedict Arnold on his march to Quebec City in 1775, Noah and Hannah sent their newly married eldest son, Stephen Dudley Marsh (“Dud- ley,” b. February 8, 1778) with his wife Susanna (Dow, b. 1773) north to Skowhegan in 1800. Noah and Hannah and the whole family followed in 1801, and they purchased land, established farms, and prospered in and around Cornville.

Upon the death of Hannah in 1844, Dudley and Susanna’s son, and namesake, Stephen Dudley Marsh II (1811-1901) with his wife, Hannah (Brawn; 1814-1880) and several young children moved here to Greenville, thus establishing the Marsh Family in Greenville ever since. Stephen had been here earlier scouting out land, and family lore has it that Stephen and Hannah made the trip from Cornville, which took several days, driving a team of oxen pulling a large cart-style wagon with block wheels carrying all their belongings. Greenville was eight years old and beginning to thrive with lumbering and sporting activities. Their initial dwelling, judging from village records, may have been near West Cove, for in 1846, the village agreed to cut a road from his dwelling near Wiggins Brook to the “west county road” (now Route 15). It is also interesting to note that not too far due south of West Cove, on what was then the Squaw Mountain Road linking Shirley and Greenville, that Stephen’s Aunt Mehitable (Noah and Hannah’s daughter, b. 1786) and her husband Andrew McLuer (1782-1852) in their own dispersal from Cornville in 1844, had established a farm some four or five miles north of Shirley.

Other branches of Noah and Hannah’s family, mainly stemming from Noah, Jr. (1788-1883), still live in the area of Parkman (David and Dawn Marsh), Guilford (Floyd and Nathalee Marsh, and Leigh and Linda Marsh) and their sister Donna lives in Veazie. Although our common ancestor is Noah, born in 1755, we are well acquainted and share many obvious family characteristics.

A deep family characteristic, so it seems, has been the ability to find highly functional land to farm. Noah’s farm on the East Ridge Road in Cornville, kitty corner from the Union Church (established in 1850 by the Moody, Marsh, and other families) is on high fertile ground with good water. His son Dudley’s land is similarly placed farther south on the East Ridge Road, and Stephen did the same here. That is, within a few years Stephen had found and staked out the high ground forming the drainage divide between Moosehead and the Piscataquis drainage basins just south of town at the end of what is now Spruce Street, containing the Town’s sanitary operation.

Village records show that an official road was cut south from the “Indian settlement” to the “Marsh Farm” in 1862. With spectacular views both north up the lake and westerly towards Sugarloaf, the land has a remarkable spring-fed pond within which Stephen stored manure to keep it in a denatured, non-oxidizing, highly fertile state to be later retrieved and used on his fields. This method of making excellent fertilizer was evidently a very old family practice. Moreover, the flow of the water from the springs at the margins of the pond to the center allowed wells to be dug around the pond to supply clean, pristine drinking water. One of these wells, restored by Lew Wortman as a monitor of water quality, was lined with free-fitting stones to 20 feet and has a flow of 90 gallons per minute. How Stephen ever succeeded in digging and lining this well in the face of such flow is a mystery.

This article on the Marsh Family in Greenville will be continued in the October 2018 issue. It will begin with a discussion of the more widely known Marsh Farm just south of Greenville.


Old-fashioned Box Lunch Auction

Best cooks in town revive lunch-for-two social

Hankering for homemade wild blueberry pie?  Like mile high good and tart Lemon Meringue?  How about you-know-who’s colorful confetti relish?  Drop in and bid on your favorite Lunch-for-Two by some of the best cooks in town.  The creative lunches, all individually made and box with flair and a favorite recipe, can be an easy lakeside summer supper too.
Viewing of the lunches begins at 5 p.m. sharp, Wednesday, Aug. 15, at the old Community House (The Center for Moosehead History), 6 Lakeview St., downtown Greenville. Auction begins at 5:15 p.m. and runs to 6 p.m.  Ice-cold tea and Lemonade will also be for sale at this summertime social.  Moosehead Historical Society President Robert Cowan, Jr. holds the mike as animated auctioneer extraordinaire.  Bring a lawn chair or a blanket.  Auction is out under the canopy on the lawn.  In the hall, if it rains.  Proceeds to help replace the Eveleth-Crafts-Sheridan Historical House porch roof.
For more information, call 207-695-2909 or email:  mooseheadhistory@myfairpoint.net.  The Moosehead Historical Society & Museums was founded in 1962.  It is devoted to interpreting and exhibiting the history of the Moosehead Lake region and its watershed, settlement and citizens, past and present, and perpetuating the contributions of the early settlers.



1950s Poodle Hop!


Swing to the ’50s   No poodles required!



7:30 pm   Friday, Aug. 3

The Center for Moosehead History

Corner of Pritham Ave. & Lakeview St.

DJ spins music on the lawn (hall if it rains)

By donation

Perley Hood honored with Boston Post Cane

MHS Director Suzanne AuClair, Town Manager Jesse Crandall, Shaw Library Librarian Linda Wohlforth with Perley Hood, seated

By Shelagh Talbot


One of Greenville’s most special and elder citizens, Perley Hood, 100 years old, was honored with receiving Boston Post Cane. Suzanne AuClair, executive director of the Moosehead Historical Society was on hand at the Shaw Library in Greenville to meet Hood and present him with the historic cane. As it happened, it was also a Hood family reunion and many family members were at the library to celebrate their patriarch, along with Library Director Linda Wohlforth and Greenville Town Manager Jesse Crandall.

Perley Hood was born on a small island in the Fairfield, Maine area Aug.1, 1917. At the time of his birth, World War I was raging in Europe. Labeled as “the war to end all wars,” with millions of people killed, the news of the terrible war was close to home for Perley’s parents. His father was born in Russia in the 1800s. He and his brother fled the country, traveling on foot through Russia to Poland and eventually securing passage to America and Canada. They changed their complicated Russian surname to Hood to make it easier to assimilate in their new country. They were both professional violinists in Russia, but spent their most productive years in the farming business.

When rumors of another war loomed in 1936, Perley tried to enlist. He traveled to New Jersey and just happened to be in Lakehurst when he witnessed the fiery end of the Hindenburg, a huge zeppelin that was the pride of Nazi Germany. Perley was turned down by the army because he had no vision in one eye. He wasn’t easily dissuaded and went to a number of Army posts to enlist. They all turned him down. He did what he could to support the war effort from the sidelines.

Always looking for something new, he discovered candlestick bowling and brought that game to Maine, specifically in Freeport. He built his alley near L.L Bean’s factory and first store. In addition he had an arcade for the kids, with pool tables and fast food being offered. He and Leon became friends.

During his career Perley worked in the woods, was a cook at a woods camp, and helped build the Seboomook Dam. Later he worked as a valve tech at the Yankee Power plant and in his spare time could be found on the clam flats. Later, he and his wife settled in Greenville. He was a bundle of energy all his life and he hasn’t slowed down much. Through most of his nineties, he worked on his home on the Lily Bay Road.

The Boston Post Cane tradition began as a promotional event only eight years before Perley was born. The cane is elegant, made of African ebony with a 24-caret gold embossed head. Originally, the canes were presented to the eldest male citizen in 700 towns throughout New England (for some reason Vermont and Connecticut were not included). The tradition carries on today and includes women. Unfortunately, there are very few of these canes left, so the presentation is mostly ceremonial, with a plaque or citation substituting for ownership of the cane.

Perley was delighted. “It’s an honor,” he said. “It means a lot.” He was especially glad to see so many family members present for the ceremony. “I won’t be forgetting this day anytime soon,” he quipped. “I’m a lucky man!”


Thoreau-Wabanaki Festival features Maine Native American cultural leaders and Thoreau’s Trail: East Cove to Katahdin

Henry Perley of Greenville in a 1920s publicity shot

The 12th Annual Thoreau-Wabanaki Trail Festival runs Wednesday, July 18 to Saturday, July 21, at The Center for Moosehead History, 6 Lakeview St., downtown Greenville.

This year James Francis, director of the Penobscot Nation’s Cultural and Historical Preservation Dept.; Chris Sockalexis, the Penobscot National Tribal Historical Preservation officer; and Julia Gray, archeologist and past director of Native American Collections and Research at the Abbe Museum are featured guest speakers.

“Tracing Thoreau’s Trail: East Cove to Katahdin,” is a series of 35 large black and white photographs by Bert Lincoln Call in the 1920s, a professional photographer who traced Thoreau’s journeys through the Maine Woods.

“What Thoreau captured in prose, Call captured in pictures,” said Suzanne AuClair, executive director of the Moosehead Historical Society.  “We’re extremely fortunate to have the guest speakers we do this year.  Also, the Thoreau pictures are very, very fine.  We were able to bring them to the site of Thoreau’s launch here at East Cove in Greenville by special arrangement with curator Frank Spizuoco.”

Louis Annance

Louis Annance 1794 – 1875

Call’s work was brought back to life by Todd Watts, an internationally recognized professional photographer who took the original negatives and printed them.  Watts’s own work has been exhibited at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, Princeton and Yale universities, The Art Institute of Chicago, and The Ansel Adams Center for Photography in San Francisco, Paris, Vienna, and Australia, among other places.

“Moosehead’s People of Dawn” introduces the Native American families who settled here in Greenville and Rockwood, including the Annances, Perleys, Tomers, and Capinos.  The new display also introduces the various tribes associated under the umbrella name of Wabanaki.

The Bert Call and Native American exhibits are opened Thursdays – Saturdays, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. and on Sundays, from 1 to 4 p.m.

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Rockwood Native american Francis Tomer, Jr. weaves a small basket; his son Gabriel helps.

Also on tap is Lee Kantar, lead moose biologist for the Maine Dept. of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife; Janice Kimball King, expert ash pack-basket maker; and Shannon Durose, who will demonstrate the art of candle making.

A Friday night BBQ begins at 5 p.m. followed by Nashville recording artist Rod Picott.  Both will take place at the Greenville Village gazebo, located next to the Moosehead Marine Museum, which will also be opened for tours that evening.  A popular four-day silent auction with many unusual items also runs throughout the festival at The Center for Moosehead History.

Unless otherwise noted, all programs take place at The Center for Moosehead History.  For each day’s events, times, and locations, please check the website for particulars: http://www.NRECmoosehead.org or call the Historical Society: 207-695-2909.  The festival is made in partnership between the Natural Resource Education Center and the Moosehead Historical Society & Museums, both of Greenville.2002_11_0022 Chief NeedahbehJPEG